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Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Kaedah Baru yang Efektif Dalam Pengharaman Arak

NOTA EDITOR: BBC melaporkan kadar pengambilan alkohol di Britian semakin menurun, dan bukannya menaik sebagaimana yang dianggap oleh ramai orang.

Artikel ini cuba memberikan beberapa teori namun mereka masih buntu mengapa trend ini berlaku.

Antara faktor yang dirasakan memberi kesan ini adalah:

1.0 Syarikat2 di Britain sudah tidak bertoleransi dengan kemabukan arak

2.0 Kempen mengurangkan penggunaan alkohol di kalangan remaja yang aktif

3.0 Media diprogram supaya tidak menggalakkan meminum arak

4.0 Peranan ibu bapa mengawal anak-anak mereka

5.0 Keadaan mabuk sudah tidak dipandang sebagai keadaan yang baik, malah dipandang rendah. Maka, ramailah orang mencuba untuk tidak mabuk di hadapan orang ramai.

Tulang Besi membawa artikel ini kerana mahu memberi idea baru kepada aktivis Islam terutama dalam PAS. Bahawasanya, kadang-kadang kaedah mengulang "hukum minum arak" sahaja tidak mencukupi.

Perlu dipergunakan kaedah baru dan cara baru untuk menyakinkan orang ramai untuk meninggalkan arak, terutama kepada orang bukan Islam.

Kalau PAS masih berfikir bahwa mereka hanya bertanggungjawab kepada orang Islam sahaja, maka sampai bilalah mereka tidak boleh memerintah Malaysia.

Belajarlah bagaimana Britain berjaya mengurangkan pengambilan arak di kalangan rakyat mereka tanpa menggunakan mana-mana hukum dari agama.

Selamat membaca


Why is alcohol consumption falling?"15 February 2011
By James Morgan BBC News


Despite new evidence that more people are being treated in hospital for excessive drinking, the overall trend is that we are drinking less as a nation. Why?
It's difficult to open a newspaper without reading about the alcohol problems that exist in the UK.

Recent headlines include "Binge drinking costs NHS billions", "Hospitals reel as drink cases soar" and "Alcohol abuse to cost NHS an extra billion"

And this week, figures from Alcohol Concern suggest the number of people being treated in hospital for alcohol misuse has more than doubled in eight years.
But behind these stories is an unexpected truth - Britons have been drinking less and less every year since 2002.

Men and women of all ages are slowly curbing their excesses and drinking in moderation, according to the annual survey from the Office for National Statistics, which covers England, Scotland and Wales.

It suggests that heavy drinking is falling, abstinence is rising, and young people are leading the drive towards healthier drinking.

The decrease among some groups even pre-dates 2002, with men aged 16-24 drinking 26 units a week on average in 1999 and just 15 units a week in 2009, according to the ONS figures.



"There is a received wisdom that we must be drinking more," says Neil Williams of the British Beer and Pubs Association (BBPA). Its own figures, which are based on sales and not self-reporting, suggest alcohol sales peaked in 2004 and have fallen by 13% since then.

"In reality, we see a fairly deep-rooted decline in alcohol consumption which dates back to 2004. That's not something you see acknowledged in the media."

It's frustrating that the true story is not getting out there, says David Poley, chief executive of the Portman Group, an association of drinks producers in the UK.
"With newspapers, the headline is always the same: 'Shock rise in binge drinking'. But you look at the figures, and you see alcohol sales are declining.

"It's a myth that we need to make alcohol more expensive [to stop people drinking]. These trends are being reversed on their own."

Historically, sales of booze rose and fell with the economy. Recessions in the early 80s and 90s were coupled with a slump in drinking. And the current downturn is having a similar effect. From 2008-2009, alcohol consumption in the UK fell by 6%.
Despite perceptions, young people are drinking less.

But that decline started long before the credit crunch kicked in - 2004 according to the BBPA and 2002 by the ONS figures. So what happened?

"To a certain extent it's a mystery," says Mr Poley. "There may be multiple reasons. But around that time, the UK did see the launch of some major alcohol health warning campaigns."

In 2004 the Drinkaware logo started appearing on beer advertisements. The labelling of drinks bottles improved to make it clear how many units of alcohol they contain. And the health dangers of heavy drinking were increasingly highlighted by the media.
References to "binge drinking" shot up in 2004, according to Dr James Nicholls of Bath Spa University, who researches the social history of alcohol.

"The media picked up on it around the time that the 2003 Licensing Act was being introduced - when all the talk was of '24 hour drinking'. And that's when the whole 'Binge Britain' thing kicked off," he says.

The Daily Mail ran a memorable campaign, featuring images of young women slumped on pavements and park benches. News stories were peppered with health warnings from groups like Alcohol Concern, Drinkaware and the Royal College of Physicians.
"They were very successful at making the health impacts of alcohol a news story," says Mr Nicholls.

“These days most employers are anti-drink”Graham Page Alcohol industry expert


In reality, 24-hour drinking never took off. The average pub only opened 24 minutes longer after 11pm last orders was abolished, says Nicholls. But it didn't matter - the headlines had already been written. A new tone had been set for alcohol reporting. The message was that Britain was out of control.

The negative publicity not only led people to moderate their behaviour, it also created a new kind of social stigma around being drunk. The ONS survey notes that people may now be "less inclined to admit to how much they have been drinking".
Boozing was no longer such a badge of honour. And attitudes in the workplace began to change too, says Graham Page, an alcohol industry analyst.

"These days most employers are anti-drink. The six o'clock swill has gone in most places, apart from London," he says.

Cheap booze
Meanwhile, consumer forces were also at work to change our drinking habits throughout the last decade. Pubs were closing down, duty on beer was rising, and sales of cheap supermarket wine were rocketing.

The caricature of a "drinker" has slowly morphed - from lager louts downing pints to girls on the sofa, sipping Pinot Grigio.

It's hard to quantify how each of these micro-trends in pricing has influenced overall alcohol consumption, says Mr Page, but their net effect is that the price of a drink as a percentage of spending money is cheaper than ever before.




So alcohol is cheaper, but we are drinking less of it - a highly improbable cocktail.
But a look at the longer term picture shows that drinking has been rising steadily since 1947, and levels are still some way above those in the early 1990s.
So is the latest fall a victory for drink awareness campaigning?

Such celebrations would be premature, says Don Shenker, chief executive of Alcohol Concern.

"There are still 10 million people drinking above the government's recommended level. And 1.6 million dependent drinkers. These are the frequent flyers into hospital, and they are not changing their drinking habits," he says.
"It is very likely that alcohol consumption will rise again once the economy picks up. So government alcohol policy should ensure alcohol becomes less affordable permanently, not just in an economic downturn."

The health warnings are here to stay - and rightly so, as hospital admissions from alcohol continue to rise.

It will be a long time before any recent moves towards healthier drinking will be felt in NHS wards.


9 comments:

BRIGED MP SEGAMBUT said...

jangan bagi tahu pas apa patut dibuat bro..mereka semua ulama' antara bangsa..nanti dapat cop anti pas pulak

dino.yp@gmail.com said...

Aku sokong kau dalam hal ni. Tapi aku rasa buang masa jer bagi tau sama orang2 kuat PAS.

Khun Pana aka johanssm said...

Adakala hukuman atau haraman tidak berkesan.

Contoh ialah gejala dadah.
Walaopon hukumannya dinegara ini antara yang terberat didunia.
Tapi gegala dadah makin meningkat dari tahun ke tahun.
Dan Dadah adalah haram dalam segi segala agama , komuniti dan undang undang negara.

Manakala minuman alkohol bukannya haram dalam semua agama . Dan alkohol adalah halal dalam segi undang undang negara.
Dari kedai kopi , kedai serbaguna , hotel sampailah atas pesawat MAS sampai kedalam kem kem tentera terdapat minuman alkohol berbagai jenis.
Ya, dalam kem tentera boleh beli alkohol dengan harga murah..sebab ada subsidi untoknya.


dadah pon , kita tak mampu haposkan. Tak mampu turunkan .

Grand Marquis said...

Dalam erti kata lain, maksud TB ialah agama ini tidak lagi penting dalam membentuk moraliti manusia. Meninggalkan suatu yang haram kerana Allah bukan perkara yang utama dan tidak sepatutnya menjadi fokus dakwah. Yang penting ialah membuat kempen supaya orang meninggalkan perkara haram kerana populariti, toleransi masyarakat, penerimaan syarikat atau supaya dapat digelar jadi remaja aktif.

Bagus sungguhlah saranan TB

Grand Marquis Makan Babi said...

Dalam erti kata lain, maksud TB ialah agama ini tidak lagi penting dalam membentuk moraliti manusia..

Aku tak nampak pun TB kata macam tu.

Yang kata macam tu kao, wahai GM anak babi

zakwan said...

Dalam erti kata lain, maksud TB ialah agama ini tidak lagi penting dalam membentuk moraliti manusia..


How in the world did you come up with that conclusion?
What TB is trying to say is that if a kafir nation can implement a step by step policies to curb booze drinking, what more a Muslim nation who has been preached daily and reminded by the Quran all the time on the dangers of alcohol

What's positive from the West, we should emulate
I mean, if the country was willing to follow the British's judiciary system that many Muslims scholars deemed secular, I see no harm in learning on how to curb alcohol consumption

TB brings up a good point
Time for PAS to start thinking beyond Islam and Malay
Booze consumption is not a Muslim exclusive social ill
Other religious too discourage their followers from consuming alcohol or anything that intoxicates the mind and body

Time to start establishing a joint activity with bodies of other religion to tackle this growing social ill

MENJ said...

GM bodoh tak tahu pakai otak. Hanya tahu memfitnah sahaja.

Tulang Besi said...

Zakwan,

Just take this GM guy with a pinch of salt.

a clear PONDAN because he fears using his own identity.

Coming here trying to spread his stupid ideas.

The more he speaks, the more stupid he looks.

He lives in his own self defined world where the real world evades him completely.

What he needs is to be committed to an insane asylum before he starts killing people in the spirit of Ted Bundy.

If you ask me, this "pondan" has always exhhibit the traits of a serial killer.

amnikhassim said...

PAS boleh guna pendekatan ni untuk dakwah kepada bukan Islam... kepada yang muslim boleh juga, but perlu juga ditekankan hukum..

PAS memang memerlukan muka baru n loendekatan baru... jom baca qunut nazilah untuk allahyarham sa'id semoga penzalim itu diadili oleh yang MAHA ADIL

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