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Thursday, January 27, 2011

Rakyat Mesir Sedang Bangkit (Bergambar)

NOTA EDITOR: Syukur alhamdulillah. Rakyat Mesir sedang bangkit menjatuhkan kerajaan boneka Amerika pimpinan Husni Mubarak. Tulang Besi tidak sangka, 3 tahun setelah Tulang Besi tamat pekerjaan di Mesir, prediksi Tulang Besi menjadi kenyataan.

Pada hari pertama Tulang Besi sampai ke Kaherah, Tulang Besi telah merasakan bahawa Mesir bakal melihat kebangkitan rakyat serta revolusi yang akan menjatuhkan regim Mubarak yang disokong Amerika.

Sewaktu di sana, dan apabila bercampur dengan orang tempatan, Tulang Besi dengan terbuka berkata Mesir ini sedang sarat mengandung dengan anak revolusi. Tulang Besi merasakan hanya waktu sahaja menjadi faktor sebelum berlakunya revolusi.

Tulang Besi melihat sendiri betapa melaratnya kehidupan rakyat Mesir. Bayangkan, pada 3 tahun dahulu pun, rakyat Mesir terpaksa berjuang untuk membeli roti. Mereka terpaksa beratur panjang dan seharian beratur semata-mata mahu membeli roti untuk keluarga mereka.

Masaalah pengangguran begitu serius pada waktu itu. Bayangkan, pemandu untuk Tulang Besi terpaksa bekerja 24 jam sehari dan gaji mereka sebulan tidak sampai RM300.

Bilangan pengemis begitu ramai sehingga mengalir air mata melihat begitu ramainya pengemis.

Kebangkitan rakyat Mesir sekarang ini berlaku seluruh Mesir, dan tidak hanya di Kaherah sahaja. Berlaku di Mansurah, Tanta, Suez dsbnya.

Yang menjadi berita juga adalah kebangkitan rakyat Mesir kali ini ditaja dan dipacu oleh INTERNET. Laman Twitter dan Facebook menjadi sumber berita dan arahan bagi para demonstran. Tulang Besi berjumpa satu laman facebook yang didedikasi untuk kebangkitan Mesir yang terbaru ini. Boleh klik di sini.

Tak harianlah UMNO terburu-buru hendak meminda Akta Cetak untuk media di internet juga. Mereka juga menyaksikan bagaimana internet memain peranan menjatuhkan regim zalim pro Amerika Ben Ali di Tunisia. Mereka takut perkara yang sama berlaku di Malaysia.

Tulang Besi

Thursday January 27, 2011
Egypt unrest enters third day, ElBaradei to return
By Marwa Awad and Shaimaa Fayed

CAIRO (Reuters) - Activists trying to oust Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak played cat-and-mouse with police on the streets into the early hours of Thursday, as unprecedented protests against his 30-year rule entered a third day.
Riot police clash with protesters in Cairo January 26, 2011. (REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic/Files)

Prominent reform campaigner Mohamed ElBaradei, who lives in Vienna, was expected to return to Egypt on Thursday, an arrival that could galvanise protests that so far have lacked a leader.

At least three protesters and one policeman have died in clashes since they erupted on Tuesday. The protests, inspired by a popular revolt in Tunisia and unprecedented during Mubarak's strong-handed rule, have seen police fire rubber bullets and tear gas at demonstrators throwing rocks and petrol bombs.

In central Cairo on Wednesday demonstrators burned tyres and hurled stones at police. In Suez, protesters torched a government building.

Demonstrations continued well into the night. By the early hours of Thursday, smaller groups of protesters were still assembling in both cities and being chased off by police.

Protesters are promising to hold the biggest demonstrations yet on Friday after weekly prayers.

"Egypt's Muslims and Christians will go out to fight against corruption, unemployment and oppression and absence of freedom," wrote an activist on a Facebook page.

Protesters say they have seen demonstrators dragged away, beaten and shoved into police vans. The Interior Ministry said on Wednesday that 500 had been arrested. An independent coalition of lawyers said at least 1,200 were detained.


Sometimes police have scrambled to find the means to respond to the protests. In one spot in central Cairo, angry policemen rammed sticks into pavements to break up pieces of concrete for use as projectiles to hurl at protesters.

Protesters have constantly regrouped, using Facebook and Twitter to galvanise and coordinate their demonstrations.

The arrival of ElBaradei, a Nobel Peace Prize-winning former head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog, gives the opposition a leader of international stature.

"I am going back to Cairo and back onto the streets, because, really, there is no choice. You go out there with this massive number of people and you hope things will not turn ugly, but so far, the regime does not seem to have gotten that message," he said in remarks on U.S. website The Daily Beast.

He said many Egyptians would no longer tolerate Mubarak's government even for a transitional period, and dismissed as "obviously bogus" the suggestion that authoritarian Arab leaders like Mubarak were the only bulwark against Islamic extremism.

"If we are talking about Egypt, there is a whole rainbow variety of people who are secular, liberal, market oriented, and if you give them a chance they will organise to elect a government that is modern and moderate."

Calls for another big protest on Friday gathered 24,000 Facebook supporters within hours of being posted.

Web activists seem to have acted largely independently of more organised opposition movements, including the Muslim Brotherhood, widely seen as having Egypt's biggest grassroots network with its social and charity projects.

"Participation has no religious direction, it is an Egyptian movement," wrote an activist about Friday's planned protest.

Washington, which views Mubarak as a vital ally and bulwark of Middle Eastern peace, has called for calm and, increasingly, urged Egypt to make reforms to meet the protesters demands.

"We believe strongly that the Egyptian government has an important opportunity at this moment in time to implement political, economic and social reforms to respond to the legitimate needs and interests of the Egyptian people," U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.

Like Tunisians, Egyptians complain about surging prices, a lack of jobs and authoritarian rulers who have relied on heavy-handed security to keep dissenting voices quiet.

After decades in which Mubarak's rule has never been seriously challenged, Egypt's large, youthful population has grown increasingly restive and bolder in demanding change.

"The people want the regime to fall," protesters chanted.

Egypt's population of some 80 million is growing by 2 percent a year. Two thirds of the population is under 30, and that age group accounts for 90 percent of the jobless. About 40 percent live on less than $2 a day, and a third are illiterate.

A presidential election is due in September. Egyptians assume that the 82-year-old Mubarak plans either to remain in control or hand power to his son Gamal, 47. Father and son both deny that Gamal is being groomed for the job.

(Writing by Edmund Blair and Peter Graff)
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  1. North Africa is on fire!Uprising also erupted in Alegria.Even Jordan is erupting.All arabic states dibawah perintah bankrupt toksik paper derivatives debt ridden anglo pariah United Kingdom States of Isreal dah turun jalanraya! Eternal Laws of justice and equality is forcing changes!Look at the Pariah Palestinian Authorities!?They r now doomed!

  2. Robert Fisk: A new truth dawns on the Arab world

    Leaked Palestinian files have put a region in revolutionary mood
    Wednesday, 26 January 2011

    The Palestine Papers are as damning as the Balfour Declaration. The Palestinian "Authority" – one has to put this word in quotation marks – was prepared, and is prepared to give up the "right of return" of perhaps seven million refugees to what is now Israel for a "state" that may be only 10 per cent (at most) of British mandate Palestine.

    And as these dreadful papers are revealed, the Egyptian people are calling for the downfall of President Mubarak, and the Lebanese are appointing a prime minister who will supply the Hezbollah. Rarely has the Arab world seen anything like this.

    To start with the Palestine Papers, it is clear that the representatives of the Palestinian people were ready to destroy any hope of the refugees going home.

  3. It will be – and is – an outrage for the Palestinians to learn how their representatives have turned their backs on them. There is no way in which, in the light of the Palestine Papers, these people can believe in their own rights.

    They have seen on film and on paper that they will not go back. But across the Arab world – and this does not mean the Muslim world – there is now an understanding of truth that there has not been before.

    It is not possible any more, for the people of the Arab world to lie to each other. The lies are finished. The words of their leaders – which are, unfortunately, our own words – have finished. It is we who have led them into this demise. It is we who have told them these lies. And we cannot recreate them any more.

    In Egypt, we British loved democracy. We encouraged democracy in Egypt – until the Egyptians decided that they wanted an end to the monarchy. Then we put them in prison. Then we wanted more democracy. It was the same old story. Just as we wanted Palestinians to enjoy democracy, providing they voted for the right people, we wanted the Egyptians to love our democratic life. Now, in Lebanon, it appears that Lebanese "democracy" must take its place. And we don't like it.

  4. We want the Lebanese, of course, to support the people who we love, the Sunni Muslim supporters of Rafiq Hariri, whose assassination – we rightly believe – was orchestrated by the Syrians. And now we have, on the streets of Beirut, the burning of cars and the violence against government.

    And so where are we going? Could it be, perhaps, that the Arab world is going to choose its own leaders? Could it be that we are going to see a new Arab world which is not controlled by the West? When Tunisia announced that it was free, Mrs Hillary Clinton was silent. It was the crackpot President of Iran who said that he was happy to see a free country. Why was this?

    In Egypt, the future of Hosni Mubarak looks ever more distressing. His son, may well be his chosen successor. But there is only one Caliphate in the Muslim world, and that is Syria. Hosni's son is not the man who Egyptians want. He is a lightweight businessman who may – or may not – be able to rescue Egypt from its own corruption.

    Hosni Mubarak's security commander, a certain Mr Suleiman who is very ill, may not be the man. And all the while, across the Middle East, we are waiting to see the downfall of America's friends. In Egypt, Mr Mubarak must be wondering where he flies to. In Lebanon, America's friends are collapsing. This is the end of the Democrats' world in the Arab Middle East. We do not know what comes next. Perhaps only history can answer this question.

    Like Robert Fisk on The Independent on Facebook for updates

  5. Egypt’s youth at forefront of ‘people power’ movement
    CAIRO— From Friday's Globe and Mail
    Published Thursday, Jan. 27, 2011 6:37AM EST
    Last updated Thursday, Jan. 27, 2011 9:04PM EST

    Hundreds of thousands of Egyptians are expected to take to the streets Friday, united in a call for “freedom” and “dignity” and the end of the regime of President Hosni Mubarak.

    After three days of widespread protests that have left at least seven dead and about 1,000 arrested, protest organizers have designated this the ultimate “day of rage.”

  6. There is much riding on the outcome. How many people turn out, how the police deal with them and whether the army takes control – all of these things will determine the future of the current regime.

    Arriving in Cairo Thursday evening, Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel Peace Prize-winning former head of the international Atomic Energy Agency, made clear his intentions.

    “It's a critical time in the life of Egypt, and I have to participate with the Egyptian people,” said Mr. ElBaradei, who has considered running for president in elections this year.

  7. “If people, in particular young people, if they want me to lead the transition, I will not let them down,” he said.

    Clearly the country is worried about what may transpire. Trading on the Cairo stock exchange was halted Thursday morning when the value of the market fell more than 9 per cent in the first 11 minutes.

    Safwat El-Sherif, secretary-general of the ruling National Democratic Party, tried to put a brave face on things when he gave the party's first public response to recent events at a hastily called news conference.

    “The NDP is ready for dialogue with the public, youth and legal parties,” he said. “But democracy has its rules and process. The minority does not force its will on the majority.”

    Regardless of the outcome of the protest, this popular uprising represents a new reformist movement in Egypt, one not linked to the traditional centres of opposition in Egypt – the pockets of liberal intellectuals and the Islamists who have been successfully marginalized by the 29-year-old Mubarak regime.

  8. At its core is a disparate group of mostly secular young people drawn from most walks of society and politics. Some are holdovers from the Kefaya movement that demonstrated for democracy starting in 2004. Others hail from the April 6 youth movement that organized protests in aid of striking workers in an industrial town outside Cairo in 2008. Many are completely unaffiliated.

    Maryam Suleiman, a 20-something wearing blue jeans, was hoarse from leading the down-with-Mubarak chants on the steps of the Journalists Syndicate near the national courthouse Thursday. She and 75 fellow demonstrators stood face-to-face with the 150-or-so security forces lined up against them.

    Ms. Suleiman, who describes herself only as “a citizen,” says she belongs to a little known movement called the Popular Front for Peaceful Change.

    Mohamed Gamal is one of Egypt's pre-eminent bloggers, who goes by the handle “Gemyhood.” At 30, Mr. Gamal describes himself as one of the oldies in the protests. It all started with a small group of bloggers who got together five years ago, he said.

  9. “We were dreaming of democracy and new governments,” he explained, and began to realize the potential of the Internet. “We were the first to use Facebook, the first to use Twitter,” he said, in order to get out messages and bring in new people.

    “Things are moving very fast in Egypt, and this is the only way of keeping up with the people.”

    This diffuse resistance movement has sprung up without the help of the traditional opposition – liberal reformers and the Muslim Brotherhood – and it represents a different constituency with its own agenda.

    “We've gone way beyond the old movements,” Mr. Gamal said. “Even Kefaya is too old now.”

    “Ours is not a political movement,” Mr. Gamal insisted. “It's people power, unaffiliated people power.”

    The goal that started out as democracy and political change, has simply become the end of Hosni Mubarak. “We want to take this man down,” he said.

  10. The secular youths out in the streets seem brave and desperate, but also completely clueless about how to take what they're doing and convert it into a viable governing force.

    Mr. Gamal admitted he does not know what the protesters will do if they succeed. “We haven't thought that far ahead. But the Tunisians didn't know what was going to happen when they started their protests either.”

    Nor does he worry whether there any leaders among the group. “We don't care about a leader,” he said. “They're all part of the elite and we don't want any part of that.

    “We don't trust [Mr. ElBaradei] either,” he added.

    Finally, Mr. Gamal admitted he does not exactly understand the forces he's messing with. “Things are now out of control.”

  11. Watching anxiously on the sidelines this week has been the Muslim Brotherhood. For more than 80 years the Islamist movement has been the social conscience and chief opposition to the powers that be. They have no desire to be shunted aside just when that power may be compromised.

    After declining to officially participate in protests earlier this week, the Brotherhood announced it would take part in Friday's massive protest marches.

    “We are joining the parade,” said Mohamed Beltagi, a candidate in the last election, “not at the front, not at the back, but in the middle.”

    Being at the front would give security forces a reason to use even more violence, he explained.

    Does the Brotherhood feel threatened by this more spontaneous uprising? “Not at all,” Dr. Beltagi said. “We all want the same thing. This protest shows that it's more than the Muslim Brotherhood that wants freedom and dignity.”

    At the end of the day, Egypt's army is likely to hold the trump cards. Will it fire at the youthful demonstrators?

  12. “No way,” Mr. Gamal said. “We love the army. It's the army that's going to step in and protect us from the police,” he said.

    Indeed, in 1968, that exactly what they did when dealing with large-scale student riots. When ordered to intervene, the army commander ordered his men to empty their weapons and carry no ammunition. Order was restored without a shot being fired.

    The army, the protesters hope, doesn't want Egyptian blood on its hands.


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